Technical data

Appearance                           Brown powder

Humic acid content               97%

Ash content +600°                <3%

Solid content +105°              65,5%

pH                                           2,5-4,5m(10% solution)

Nitrogen                                2836 ppm

Copper                                   1,2 ppm

Calcium                                  40 ppm

Magnesium                            61 ppm

Potassium                              160 ppm

Phosphor                               38 ppm

Sulphur content                    <3%

Upper/lower flammability   30g/m3

Or explosive limits

Storage                                  6 months, cold and dry

                                                +5° – +35°, keep away from direct sunlight

Schwermetalle

Eurofins Ltd. nach DIN EN 13667

Arsen              As        <0,8

Barium           Ba        <2,0

Beryllium       Be        <0,2

Blei                 Pb        <2,0

Cadmium       Cd        <0,2

Nickel             Ni        <1,0

Mercury         Hg       <0,07

What are Humates?

Humates are a raw material that can be used in agriculture, aquaculture, animal fattening and many other applications. Humates are a component of soil humus and play an important role in the living organism. Modern agricultural methods have significantly reduced the humus content of the soil and the loss has impaired the yield. So far, this impairment has been compensated by increased use of artificial fertilisers, which in turn leads to salinisation of the soil. Humic substances have not yet been taken into account in fertilisation practice.

Today, our soils are poor in these humic substances, so that animals and humans no longer receive sufficient quantities of these vital substances in their normal diet. Studies have shown that if the humus content falls below 2%, the soil is not capable of introducing sufficient amounts of humic substances into cultivated crops to meet the needs of the living organism. Consequently, the drastic loss of vital substances also affects human nutrition.

Humates are found in all soils, plants and animals. They are naturally substances in the food chain and play a major role in the composting of dead substances into nutrients, the transfer of minerals and other roles within the living organism.

Definitions

Humates

Technically, this term describes the salts of humic acids. In general, it is the term used for all humic substances.

Humic acid

Humic acid is a long-chain molecule which has a high molecular weight, is dark brown and soluble in an alkaline solution. This is the part of the soil that is responsible for composting and transfers the nutrient from the soil to the living organism. This material accompanies the nutrient into the organism and also unfolds numerous active processes.

Fulvic acid

Fulvic acid is a short-chain molecule which has a low molecular weight, is yellow in colour and soluble in both acid and alkali. This is the part of the soil responsible for the chelation of minerals and their transfer to the living organism. Fulvic acid is unique in its chelating ability as it catches vital minerals and charges them with an electrical charge that can be absorbed by the organism. Toxic metals are also chelated but neutrally charged and have difficulty penetrating a living organism. Fulvic acids carry heavy metals out of the body and contribute to its detoxification.

Elm acid

Elm acid is the part of the soil that is soluble in alcohol. It is a dark semi-solid material and not yet fully researched. 

Hum

Humine is the part of the soil that is not soluble. It is a dark brown material with an extremely high molecular weight which is responsible for the water storage capacity, crumb formation and electrostatic conductivity of the soil.

Human substance

The part of the soil created by rotting organic matter. Humates exist in many places in the world, but differ in composition similar to crude oils. They are hydrocarbons and contain aromatic and heterocyclic structures, carboxyl groups and nitrogen. They contain fragments of DNA, RNA and have many active hydrogen binding sites that make them chemically highly reactive.

Mineral transfer

Humates contain both humic and fulvic acid. Fulvic acid is the chelator that carries the minerals. The humic acids act like a dilator which increases the permeability of the cell wall.

Microbial interaction

Humates are known to stimulate microbial activity. In soil testing for microbial activity, values increased 400 to 5000 times with the introduction of humate (300 ppm) into the soil.

*The material on the effects of humic acid in agriculture was summarized from: “Effects of humic acid on animals and humans – An overview of the literature and an overview of current research”, an article available on the World Wide Web.

 

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